IUI (Intrauterine Insemination)

Intrauterine insemination (IUI treatment or artificial insemination) is a fertility treatment that uses a catheter to place highly concentrated active motile sperms directly into the uterus. The goal of IUI is to increase the number of sperms that reach the fallopian tubes around the time of ovulation to increase the chance of fertilisation. Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is one of the simpler, less complex and less invasive treatment options available to you. Compared to timed intercourse, it is generally seen that there is a two-fold higher pregnancy rate with IUI.

You may need IUI treatment in case of

  1. Unexplained infertility
  2. Mild reduction in sperm count or quality
  3. Donor sperm treatment
  4. Hostile cervical conditions like when the cervical mucus has anti sperm antibodies
  5. Sexual dysfunction where there is difficulty in penetration.

IUI treatment would generally not be recommended to patients who have severe male factor infertility or blocked fallopian tubes or severe endometriosis.

What does it involve?

Before proceeding for IUI treatment, a semen analysis for the male partner and a tubal patency test (Hysterosalpingography-HSG) for the female partner is done.

Fertility drugs are used starting Day 2/3 of mensus to stimulate the ovaries to develop follicles. An ultrasound scan is used to monitor the size of the follicle/s and finally an injection is administered to stimulate the release of eggs from the follicles to help time the insemination.

On documenting ovulation the semen sample is processed and then a catheter is used to place the semen directly into the womb. The procedure takes only 5-10 minutes and involves no pain. You will be able to return to your daily activities as soon as the IUI is completed.